Cash crops Production often cultivated on a large scale, and production volume remains high. However, Indian farmers are now starting to earn more profit by doing new experiments in farming. Farmers are showing more interest in growing cash crops instead of traditional farming. crops include those commercial crops through which industries get raw materials. Major crops grown in India include sugarcane, cotton, tobacco, Tea, coffee, jute, rubber, cocoa, linseed, mest, mustard, groundnut, potato, fruits and vegetables and pulses.
What Are Cash Crops?
Cash crops are called commercial or commercial crops. The farmer grows these crops for other industries and gets instant by selling.
Cash Crops in India
The contribution of crops in Indian agriculture is increasing continuously. Earlier, farmers were less inclined towards cash crops. Very few farmers used to do crops. But now, due to getting more profit from selling their products, the interest of farmers has increased towards cash. Most cash crops increase the country’s revenue. The country’s economy is getting stronger due to the increase in the production capacity of crops in the country.
Today every family uses sugarcane and its products. Sugarcane produces sugar for commercial puposes. Sugar has become a necessity in every household today. Besides this, sugarcane is used to make sugar, jaggery, alcohol, ethanol, khandsari, raab, sugar candy etc. India ranks second after Brazil in sugarcane production, while India ranks first in sugar consumption. Sugarcane is a tropical crop and is the most irrigated crop in India. It takes about a year for the sugarcane crop to fully mature. Uttar Pradesh is India’s largest sugarcane and sugar-producing state, whereas Maharashtra comes at number two. Maharashtra has maximum sugar mills. Moreover, the Indian sugar industry holds second place in the agro-based industry after the textile industry. India’s major sugarcane-producing states include Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Gujarat.
The largest organised industry in India is the textile industry. Cotton fulfils most of the textile needs of India. However, India ranks second after China in terms of total production or per production. Gujarat ranks first in cotton production in India. It accounts for 34 per cent of the total production, and the major cotton-producing states include Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh and Punjab. Cotton thrives best in black and regur soil. Two varieties of cotton are found 1. Native cotton 2. American cotton. Moreover, farmers can use the excellent Powertrac Euro 60 or any tractor for better cotton farming.
The beginning of coffee cultivation in India considered in the 17th century. Arabia is the birthplace of coffee and was initially planted on the hill of Baba Budan in South India. Coffee is also called Kahwa. Moreover, its place of origin is the valley of the Amazon River (Brazil). Coffee or Kahwa cultivate in India in the mountainous slope areas of South India. The top 3 states in the production of Kahwa are Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu. However, Karnataka accounts for the highest 68 per cent of production. Brazil produces the largest number of coffee beans in the world. India usually grows Arabia variety only. The Kahwa plant gives bud once in four years.
Jute is a fibrous crop. Its fibres used for making sacks, rugs, tents, tarpaulins, sackcloth, ropes, low-grade cloth, paper, hessian, packing cloth, carpets, curtains, home decoration items, lining and ropes. In addition, burning tasks and gunpowder coal needs the stalk of jute trees. West Bengal ranks first in jute production in India. Jute accounts for 70 per cent of the total production here. However, the Ganga-Brahmaputra delta enjoys a monopoly in jute production. Besides, we can utilise the superb Powertrac Euro 50 or any brilliant tractor for efficient production.
Like sugar, Tea has also become a necessity in every household today. Tea cultivation was first introduced in India in 1834 by the British in the Assam Valley. Today Assam is the top tea-producing state in India. Tea products here for 50 per cent of the total production. Moreover, the Surma and Brahmaputra valleys of Assam produce Tea in India. In tea production, West Bengal and Tamil Nadu come after Assam. India ranks second among the top 3 tea-producing countries in the world. At the same time, China comes at number one and Kenya at number three. The leaves are picked from the tea plant three times a year.
Our everyday life requires a variety of rubber products. Rubber is a tropical plant. Its origin considered to be the Amazon River (Brazil). Brazil holds the first rank in the world in total rubber production, while India is fourth. At the same time, India ranks first in production per hectare. The “Mercury” type of rubber is considered the best in the world. Rubber cultivation requires high temperatures and sunlight. Rainfall of more than 200 cm and areas of laterite and red soils are suitable.
In this way, cash crops production is beneficial for higher income. I hope you like this blog and to read more about different types of farming, stay tuned with us.