Cumin looks exactly like fennel but is slightly different in colour. Cumin Cultivation is used to add aroma to a variety of dishes. Apart from this, it is used in many ways in food, and some people use it in powdered or roasted food. Consuming cumin gets rid of many diseases related to the stomach. Cumin plants have a dry climate, and their plants need average rain.
In India, cumin is cultivated the most in Rajasthan and Gujarat, where 80% of the entire country’s cumin is produced, of which 28% is made in Rajasthan alone. Cumin production The same neighbouring state of Gujarat produces more than Rajasthan. The production capacity can be increased from 25% to 50% by growing improved varieties of cumin.
Cumin Cultivation Soil, Climate & Temperature
The land should have proper drainage and the P.H. of the land. The value should also be average. The cumin crop is done with the Rabi crop, so its plants grow well in cold climates. Its plants require moderate rainfall, and the hot environment is not suitable for its plants. Cumin plants require a 25-degree temperature after transplanting, and a 20-degree temperature is appropriate at plant growth time. Its plants can easily tolerate a maximum of 30 degrees and a minimum of 20 degree temperatures. Moreover, tractors are used efficiently in the farming and farmers choose mahindra tractor 475 model as it is massive with advanced features.
Field Preparation and Fertiliser
Before harvesting cumin, its field is adequately prepared. For this, the soil of the domain is first ploughed deeply with turning ploughs. After pushing, the area is left open like this for some time. Then this, 10 carts of old cow dung manure are ploughed in the field as natural manure, due to which the fertiliser gets mixed well in the area’s soil. After mixing the waste with the ground, two to three slant ploughing is done.
At the time of the last ploughing of the field after palew, 65 kg of DAP is given. And 9 kg urea has to be sprayed in the area. After this, the field’s soil is made crispy by applying a rotavator. This does not cause the problem of water logging in the area. Apart from this, 20 to 25 kg of urea must be given to the plants during the third irrigation at the plant growth time.
Prior to reaping cumin, its field is satisfactorily ready. For this, the dirt of the space is first furrowed profoundly with turning furrows. Subsequent to pushing, the region is left open like this for quite a while. Then this, 10 trucks of old cow compost excrement are furrowed in the field as regular fertilizer, because of which the manure gets blended well in the space’s dirt. In the wake of blending the loss in with the ground, a few inclination furrowing is finished.
For sowing the roots by the same spraying method, 12 kilograms of origin is required in one acre of pasture. Before planting the seeds in the field, they are treated with an appropriate amount of carbonadamium. The beds are prepared to keep a distance of 5 feet in the area for transplanting through spraying.
Planting seeds in rows is done at a distance of 10 to 15 cm. Since the cumin crop is planted along with the Rabi crop, it is advisable to sow its seeds by the end of November.
Cumin plants require regular irrigation. Its initial irrigation is done immediately after planting the seed. After the first irrigation, the rest of the irrigation has to be done at an interval of 10 to 12 days. Also, for accomplishing many implements tasks tractor is used like for irrigation, weed control and other purposes Eicher 188 tractor model is suitable. Moreover, and it comes with a nominal price range.
In the chemical method, a suitable amount of oxadiargyl is mixed with water to make a solution sprayed in the area after transplanting the seed. Weeding and hoeing of plants are done in natural methods. Its first weeding is done about 20 days after sowing the source, and the rest of the wedding must be done within 15 days.
When the colour of the seeds in its plants starts appearing light brown, during that time, the flower beehive is cut and collected and dried in the field itself. After this, the machine removes the grains from the dried flower beehive. Based on improved variety, about 7 to 8 quintals of yield can be obtained from one hectare of cumin seed.
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